Introduction ::GuernseyBackground:Guernsey and the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy, which held sway in both France and England. The islands were the only British soil occupied by German troops in World War II. Guernsey is a British crown dependency but is not part of the UK or of the European Union. However, the UK Government is constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation.Geography ::GuernseyLocation:Western Europe, islands in the English Channel, northwest of FranceGeographic coordinates:49 28 N, 2 35 WArea:total: 78 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 228land: 78 sq kmwater: 0 sq kmnote: includes Alderney, Guernsey, Herm, Sark, and some other smaller islandsArea - comparative:about one-half the size of Washington, DCLand boundaries:0 kmCoastline:50 kmMaritime claims:territorial sea: 3 nmexclusive fishing zone: 12 nmClimate:temperate with mild winters and cool summers; about 50% of days are overcastTerrain:mostly level with low hills in southwestElevation extremes:lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 mhighest point: unnamed elevation on Sark 114 mNatural resources:croplandLand use:arable land: NApermanent crops: NAother: NAIrrigated land:NANatural hazards:NAEnvironment - current issues:NAGeography - note:large, deepwater harbor at Saint Peter PortPeople and Society ::GuernseyNationality:noun: Channel Islander(s)adjective: Channel IslanderEthnic groups:British and Norman-French descent with small percentages from other European countriesLanguages:English, French, Norman-French dialect spoken in country districtsReligions:Protestant (Anglican, Presbyterian, Baptist, Congregational, Methodist), Roman CatholicPopulation:65,605 (July 2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 204Age structure:0-14 years: 14.7% (male 4,992/female 4,642)15-24 years: 12.1% (male 4,023/female 3,901)25-54 years: 42.3% (male 13,957/female 13,811)55-64 years: 13% (male 4,252/female 4,266)65 years and over: 17.9% (male 5,281/female 6,480) (2013 est.)Dependency ratios:total dependency ratio: 46 %youth dependency ratio: 21.8 %elderly dependency ratio: 24.2 %potential support ratio: 4.1note: data represents the Channel Islands (2013)Median age:total: 42.8 yearsmale: 41.7 yearsfemale: 43.9 years (2013 est.)Population growth rate:0.38% (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 158Birth rate:9.95 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 196Death rate:8.61 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 77Net migration rate:2.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 36Urbanization:urban population: 31% of total population (2010)rate of urbanization: 0.8% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)Sex ratio:at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female0-14 years: 1.08 male(s)/female15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/femaletotal population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2013 est.)Infant mortality rate:total: 3.49 deaths/1,000 live birthscountry comparison to the world: 209male: 3.8 deaths/1,000 live birthsfemale: 3.17 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)Life expectancy at birth:total population: 82.32 yearscountry comparison to the world: 7male: 79.65 yearsfemale: 85.12 years (2013 est.)Total fertility rate:1.54 children born/woman (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 185HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:NAHIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:NAHIV/AIDS - deaths:NAEducation expenditures:NALiteracy:NAGovernment ::GuernseyCountry name:conventional long form: Bailiwick of Guernseyconventional short form: GuernseyDependency status:British crown dependencyGovernment type:parliamentary democracyCapital:name: Saint Peter Portgeographic coordinates: 49 27 N, 2 32 Wtime difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in OctoberAdministrative divisions:none (British crown dependency); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 10 parishes: Castel, Forest, Saint Andrew, Saint Martin, Saint Peter Port, Saint Pierre du Bois, Saint Sampson, Saint Saviour, Torteval, ValeIndependence:none (British crown dependency)National holiday:Liberation Day, 9 May (1945)Constitution:unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practiceLegal system:customary legal system based on Norman customary law, and includes elements of the French Civil Code and English common lawSuffrage:16 years of age; universalExecutive branch:chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Lieutenant Governor Air Marshall Peter WALKER (since 15 April 2011)head of government: Chief Minister Peter HARWOOD (since 1 May 2012); Bailiff Richard COLLAS (since 23 March 2012)cabinet: Policy Council elected by the States of Deliberation(For more information visit the World Leaders website )elections: the monarchy is hereditary; lieutenant governor and bailiff appointed by the monarch; chief minister elected by States of Deliberationelection results: Peter HARWOOD elected chief minister, percent of vote NALegislative branch:unicameral States of Deliberation (45 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms; note - there are also 10 Douzaine representatives - one from each parish, 2 representatives from Alderney and the appointed attorney general and soliciter general); note - Alderney and Sark have parliamentselections: last held on 18 April 2012 (next to be held in 2016)election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - all independentsJudicial branch:highest court(s): Guernsey Court of Appeal (consists of the Bailiff of Guernsey, who is the ex-officio president of the Guernsey Court of Appeal, and at least 12 judges); Royal Court (organized into 3 divisions - Full Court sits with 1 judge and 7 to 12 jurats acting as judges of fact, Ordinary Court sits with 1 judge and normally 3 jurats, and Matrimonial Causes Division sits with a 1 judge and 4 jurats); note - appeals beyond Guernsey courts are heard by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (in London)judge selection and term of office: Royal Court Balliff, Deputy Balliff and Court of Appeal justices appointed by the British Crown and hold office at Her Majesty's pleasure; jurats elected by the States of Election, a body chaired by the Balliff and a number of juratssubordinate courts: Court of Alderney; Court of the Seneschal of Sark; Magistrate's Court (includes Juvenile Court); Contracts Court; Ecclesiastical Court; Court of Chief PleasPolitical parties and leaders:none; all independentsPolitical pressure groups and leaders:Stop Traffic Endangering Pedestrian Safety or STEPSNo More Masts [Colin FALLAIZE]International organization participation:UPUDiplomatic representation in the US:none (British crown dependency)Diplomatic representation from the US:none (British crown dependency)Flag description:white with the red cross of Saint George (patron saint of England) extending to the edges of the flag and a yellow equal-armed cross of William the Conqueror superimposed on the Saint George cross; the red cross represents the old ties with England and the fact that Guernsey is a British Crown dependency; the gold cross is a replica of the one used by Duke William of Normandy at the Battle of HastingsNational symbol(s):Guernsey cow; donkeyNational anthem:name: ""Sarnia Cherie"" (Guernsey Dear)lyrics/music: George DEIGHTON/Domencio SANTANGELOnote: adopted 1911; serves as a local anthem; as a British crown dependency, ""God Save the Queen"" remains official (see United Kingdom)Economy ::GuernseyEconomy - overview:Financial services - banking, fund management, insurance - account for about 23% of employment and about 55% of total income in this tiny, prosperous Channel Island economy. Tourism, manufacturing, and horticulture, mainly tomatoes and cut flowers, have been declining. Financial services, construction, retail, and the public sector have been growing. Light tax and death duties make Guernsey a popular tax haven. In January 2013, Guernsey signed a tax agreement with Jersey and the Isle of Man, in order to enable the islands' authorities to end tax avoidance and evasion. The evolving economic integration of the EU nations is changing the environment under which Guernsey operates.GDP (purchasing power parity):$2.742 billion (2005)country comparison to the world: 184GDP (official exchange rate):$2.742 billion (2005)GDP - real growth rate:3% (2005 est.)country comparison to the world: 109GDP - per capita (PPP):$44,600 (2005)country comparison to the world: 17GDP - composition, by sector of origin:agriculture: 3%industry: 10%services: 87% (2000)Agriculture - products:tomatoes, greenhouse flowers, sweet peppers, eggplant, fruit; Guernsey cattleIndustries:tourism, bankingIndustrial production growth rate:NA%Labor force:31,470 (March 2006)country comparison to the world: 205Unemployment rate:0.9% (March 2006 est.)country comparison to the world: 5Population below poverty line:NA%Household income or consumption by percentage share:lowest 10%: NA%highest 10%: NA%Budget:revenues: $563.6 millionexpenditures: $530.9 million (2005)Taxes and other revenues:20.6% of GDP (2005)country comparison to the world: 158Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):1.2% of GDP (2005)country comparison to the world: 32Fiscal year:calendar yearInflation rate (consumer prices):3.4% (June 2006)country comparison to the world: 107Exports:$NAExports - commodities:tomatoes, flowers and ferns, sweet peppers, eggplant, other vegetablesImports:$NAImports - commodities:coal, gasoline, oil, machinery and equipmentDebt - external:$NAExchange rates:Guernsey pound0.6307 (2012)0.6236 (2011)0.6472 (2010)0.6175 (2009)0.5302 (2008)Communications ::GuernseyTelephones - main lines in use:45,100 (2010)country comparison to the world: 165Telephones - mobile cellular:43,800 (2004)country comparison to the world: 202Telephone system:domestic: fixed-line and mobile-cellular services widely available; combined fixed and mobile-cellular teledensity exceeds 100 per 100 personsinternational: country code - 44; 1 submarine cable (2011)Broadcast media:multiple UK terrestrial TV broadcasts are received via a transmitter in Jersey with relays in Jersey, Guernsey, and Alderney; satellite packages are available; BBC Radio Guernsey and 1 other radio station operating (2009)Internet country code:.ggInternet hosts:239 (2012)country comparison to the world: 196Internet users:48,300 (2009)country comparison to the world: 175Transportation ::GuernseyAirports:2 (2013)country comparison to the world: 200Airports - with paved runways:total: 21,524 to 2,437 m: 1under 914 m: 1 (2013)Ports and terminals:major seaport(s): Braye Bay, Saint Peter PortMilitary ::GuernseyManpower fit for military service:males age 16-49: 12,493females age 16-49: 12,272 (2010 est.)Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:male: 354female: 342 (2010 est.)Military - note:defense is the responsibility of the UKTransnational Issues ::GuernseyDisputes - international:none"
The World Factbook. 2014.